By Shantanu Mohan
November 4, 2017
Together we can encourage the next generation of female leaders. Girls often look to the women in their lives for cues about how to think and act. When we speak confidently, take risks, and own our accomplishments, we set positive examples for girls to follow. There are countless opportunities every day to help girls gain the confidence and skills they need to lean in and take the lead.
Girls can undermine themselves when they speak. Many girls use phrases like “kind of” and “sort of” to weaken their statements. Some introduce opinions with disclaimers (“I’m not sure if this is right, but . . .”) or use upspeak so their statements sound like questions (“Martin Luther King, Jr., was a civil rights leader?”). These verbal crutches hinder a girl’s ability to share her ideas clearly and confidently—a habit that often carries over into adulthood.
Did You Know?
Boys often get more airtime in class than girls—they are more likely to call out answers and less likely to be interrupted.1 Teach girls to counteract this by raising their hands and speaking confidently when they’re called on.
Speak with confidence so girls hear what it sounds like. Avoid hedging your opinions with disclaimers or apologies. If you observe a girl falling into these same habits, explain how it undermines the point she’s trying to make. Remind her it’s not just what you say that matters, it’s how you say it, too.
Girls are often taught to suppress their feelings in order to get along with others.2 As a result, they do not learn to speak openly and manage conflict. Fast-forward to adulthood: too often women avoid giving each other honest input to avoid being seen as unkind or fall into the trap of personalizing constructive input we receive. Because we shy away from giving and getting direct feedback, many women miss out on the input we need to be our best selves and advance in our careers more quickly.
Lean In Activity: Problem Solving with G.I.R.L.
Help girls cultivate their problem-solving and conflict-management skills with G.I.R.L., a framework to help them organize their thoughts, weigh options, and strategize a solution. Download Activity >
Model honest, direct communication for the girls in your life. When faced with a difficult situation, talk to the people involved—not about them—and share your true feelings. Encourage girls to speak their mind and avoid social shortcuts like texting and social media. Role-play difficult conversations together, and ask girls to reflect on what worked and what didn’t. Explain that conflict is an inevitable part of relationships—it’s the way we handle it that matters.
When girls are confident in their abilities, they are more likely to take the lead.3 The problem is that girls are often underestimated by others—and underestimate themselves—which erodes their confidence. When girls are complimented on their achievements, they also tend to deflect praise or minimize their accomplishments,4 yet internalizing success is an important part of building self-confidence.
These same dynamics carry over into adulthood. Women often get less credit for successes and can be blamed more for failures.5 We also tend to underestimate our own abilities and attribute our success to external factors such as “getting lucky” or “help from others.”6 Because we receive less credit and give ourselves less credit, we often feel less self-assured, and it curbs our appetite for taking on new challenges.
Did You Know?
The confidence gap starts young: between elementary school and high school, girls’ self-esteem drops 3.5 times more than boys’.7
Model owning your accomplishments for the girls in your life. Say “thank you” when you receive a compliment instead of deflecting it. When girls see that it is okay to own their success, they will feel more comfortable doing it themselves. Moreover, look for opportunities to celebrate girls’ success and acknowledge their strengths, and push back if they fall into the trap of sidestepping praise.
Women often wait to apply for a job until they meet 100 percent of hiring criteria, while men apply when they meet just 60 percent. 8
Because girls often struggle with confidence and fear making mistakes, they are less likely to take risks. Some girls don’t speak up in class unless they’re 100 percent sure they have the right answer, while others shy away from trying new subjects or activities. This same reluctance also holds women back. Compared to our male counterparts, we can be less likely to take on high-profile projects or lobby for more senior positions.
Lean In Activity: Goal Setting
Use our goal-setting activity to help girls break down their goals into achievable steps—and see a clear path from where they are to where they want to go. Download Activity
Model taking healthy risks. Talk about the times you’ve stepped out of your comfort zone, and explain how good it feels when you succeed and how much you learn when you don’t. When you hear girls say they’re “not ready” or “can’t do it,” gently push back and remind them it’s an opportunity to learn and grow. Make sure girls know that being brave is rarely about dramatic moments: it’s a skill acquired, little by little, over time.
Girls and boys get very different messages about leadership. We expect boys to lead, so we applaud them when they do. On the other hand, we expect girls to be kind and communal, so when they speak their mind or take the lead, they often face pushback. As a result, girls often worry they’ll make people mad or be laughed at if they assume a leadership position.9 It’s no wonder that by middle school, girls are less interested in leading than boys—a trend that continues into adulthood.10
Did You Know?
Talk openly about your own experiences taking the lead and celebrate female leaders in your life and in the news. If you hear a girl being criticized for asserting herself or referred to as “bossy” or “aggressive,” step in and explain she should be applauded, not chided, for her leadership skills. Finally, make sure girls understand the benefits of being a leader, like having a voice and making things happen!